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It is obvious that mother’s milk is basic food for the infants: it contains all the necessary nutrients to guarantee correct and harmonious the baby’s development and growth. Breast milk provides child with adequate nutrition until 6 months, moreover, it is well digested by the growing body. It should be noted that composition of breast milk changes not only as the infant grows, but during the process of feeding. At first, milk is less fat, so the baby makes up the necessary level of fluid. Milk fat content increases, reaching the highest possible level, which gives the baby a sense of fullness.
Breast milk contains an enzyme called lipase, which contributes to fuller and better assimilation of fats. Fats, which the baby consumes, are part of the nerve fibers. Milk contains two major types of protein, whey protein and casein. Bowels easily absorb whey protein, which prevails in the composition of breast milk, casein is digested a little more difficult. Breast milk also contains lactoferrin, which is a major source of iron, and taurine, which helps the development of brain and nervous system. Lysozyme are natural enzymes, antibiotics, inhibiting the growth of harmful bacteria and fungal flora in the intestine. Breast milk also contains large amount of lactose, which has a beneficial effect on the formation of central nervous system, improves calcium absorption and maintains optimal condition of the intestinal microflora.
Breastfeeding must be started as soon and stopped as late as possible. According to the recent researches, pediatricians recommend breastfeeding up to 2 years old. If for any reason you has to go on with bottle feeding, you are offered a wide variety of options. Before you choose a particular formula, consult your pediatrician, read reviews online, carefully study the contents and all the available information.
Gradually, at a certain age, usually not earlier than 4 months and better beginning with 6 months, it is necessary to start introducing additional food strictly in accordance with the rules and requirements. By this age, the digestive system is more mature. Baby’s organism can digest and absorb not only liquid food and milk, but also more solid and thick food.
Closer to the age of one year, many children already has the first milk teeth and they must learn to chew food before swallowing it. Meals should contain small pieces, which helps to develop masticatory apparatus and gastrointestinal tract. Breakfast and lunch must be the most high-calorie, afternoon meal and dinner must be lighter. It is necessary to make sure that food is diverse. The baby must receive enough vitamins and minerals.
Do not feed your baby when he or she is not hungry, and don’t give the food he or she does not want to eat. Infants have a very sharp intuition, and often the organism can reject particular food. It is necessary to pay attention to it.
Do not feed the child in a stressful situation or in the borderline state when he or she is tired, suddenly feels fear, anger, joy, or does not feel quite well.
Take into account climatic and seasonal factors: in summer, food must mostly contain vegetable components and be slightly warmer than room temperature, and in winter, food must be rather warm and contain a lot of protein and fat.